What are birth control pills
The birth control pills, which were approved by the Food and Drug Administration about 49 years age, still continues to be the most effective firm of birth control. In the US, women have the liberty to choose from 40 different contraceptives.
The pills, by which it is commonly called, comes in two types - combination pills and progestin-only pills. Both these pills consist of hormones that are typical of a woman's ovary.
Progestin-only pills, which are also known as mini-pills, is available in the market since 1970. But these pills make only up to 10 per cent of the contraceptive market, as their use has been limited. As Progestin-only pills contain no estrogen, they do not prevent ovulation. If the pill has to work effectively, it has to be taken at a particular time every day. The effect is even reduced if a pill is missed.
However, the Progestin-only pills have some advantages. As they do not contain estrogen, they are a good choice for breast-feeding mothers. The pill is also good for women who come across certain health conditions like headache, cardiovascular diseases and thromboembolis while using combined pills. The Progestin-only pills also do not come with side effects that are common with combined pills. Spotting days and bleeding during the periods are seen to be higher when using Progestin-only pills.
Combination pills are contraceptives that contain estrogen and progestin. These combined pills come in monophasic and multiphasic pills. The combined pills are seen to be most effective in preventing ovulation.
A pack of Monophasic pills contains the same amount of the two hormones - estrogen and progestin - in all the active pills. Some of the monophasic pills include Brevicon, Alesse, Desogen, Levlite, Levlen, Loestrin, Norinyl, Nelova, Modicon, Nordette,Ortho-Cept, Ortho-Novum, Ortho-Cyclen, Ovcon and Yasmin. As Monophasic pills contain the same hormone levels in all the active pills, it is unlikely to cause any side effects like mood changes, which can lead to fluctuating hormone levels.
The FDA has approved in 2003 a new monophasic pill known as Seasonale. Women using this pill will have periods only for four times a year. The Pill contains the same amount of estrogen and progestin as in other monophasic pills. Though a lot of monophasic pills are used, Seasonale is the only product that has been approved.
It was in the 1980's that Multiphasic pills were developed. The pills contain varying amounts of hormones and have to be taken at particular times throughout the schedule. These mutliphasic contraceptives were developed for reducing the side effects caused by other contraceptives, including spotting, bleeding and amenorrhea. The multiphasic pills may come as biphasic or triphasic pills.
The biphasic pills are known to change the hormone levels once during the menstrual period. About half way through the periods, the progesterone dose is also increased. Jenest, Necon 10/11, Mircette, Nelova 10/11 and Ortho-Novum 10/11 are some of the known biphasic pills.
Triphasic pills contain three different hormone doses in the active pills. Triphasic pills slowly increases the estrogen dose and some pills may increase the progesterone dose. Cyclessa, Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Ortho-Novum 7/7/7, Triphasil, Trivora, Tri-Levlen and Tri-Norinyl are some of the triphasic contraceptives.
Emergency contraceptive pills (ECP)
Emergency contraceptive pills, which are not to be used regularly, help to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex. Plan b is the only ECP hat has been approved by the FDA.
- Reduces the chance of unwanted pregnancy
- Is easily obtained in the market.
- The timing is most important while using the ECP. The first dose has to be taken within 120 hours of unprotected sex.
Which Pill is better?
The first option is the monophasic contraceptives. The monophasic pills with very low estrogen content are known to cause fewer side effects like bleeding, breast tenderness and bloating. The combination pills also have their own advantages and are more effective than the Progestin-only pills as they contain estrogen and progestogen.
Birth control pills
There are many medicines in market which are used to avoid the unwanted pregnancy. These pills are known as birth control pills. Use of birth control pills is a type of contragestion. Contragestion is a technique followed to prevent the fertilization. In this method, these pills form a barrier or hurdle for the eggs and avoid them from reaching to the sperms. As we know that combination of sperm and egg is very necessary for the fertilization so if there will be a barrier between them then the process of fertilization will not occur. Contragestion technique also includes the use of barrier i.e. condoms during the sexual activity. It also has the same purpose but it acts as a barrier physically. Everyone is familiar with the use of condoms. It is worn on the penis before having sex. A lubricating material present in the condoms makes sex easy without rubbing.
Talking about the contragestion method, you will get that it is the method in which intrauterine devices are used. There are two names of such devices which are currently used by the people. The first one is copper IUDs devices and the other one is hormonal IUDs. What is the basic function of their working is the main thing? Mostly these devices are T-shaped placed inside the uterus. It decreases the mobility of sperms so chances of fertilization are automatically reduced. The use of this method is not common in the people. Many people are not familiar from the pros and cons of these devices. If any one feels difficulty in adopting the contraceptive technique then she has the option to use contragestion method. It is very necessary that you consult with your doctor before choosing any technique. If you will not consult then you may get such health problems which are very harmful for the health.
Sterilization is a birth control technique used for the permanent solution of birth control. Those women who feel uncomfortable in using above mentioned methods prefer to use this technique. This is a surgery of tube inside the abdomen which carries eggs. This tube is blocked or sealed by doctors so that there remains no transfer of eggs. This is a permanent solution of birth control so you should adopt it after think. Sometimes women leave this method because it is quite expensive and need a good time for recovery. Tell your doctor if you are willing to use this technique.
Why we are using such methods in our daily life to decrease the occurrence of fertilization? World population is a big reason of their use. Increase in the birth rate has created this problem. People were in great trouble as they were serious about the future of their children. Increase in population was raising the health, food and residence problems. it was not easy to solve this problem but due to the introduction of these methods people made it possible. Now birth rate is quite in control. Media has also played an important part in the awareness of people.
The oral contraceptives are of two main types: (1) the combined oestrogen-progestogen preparations, and the combined sequential preparations with the doses of each steroid varied throughout the cycle; (2) the progestogen-only preparations. The oestrogens used are either ethinyloestradiol in doses of 20-50 /tg, or mestranol in doses of 50-100 ng. The progestogens are either those derived from 19-norethisterone (e.g. norethynodrel, ethynodiol acetate, norgestrel, nor-ethisterone, lynoestrenol) or more rarely from 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone (e.g. megestrol) in doses ranging from about 0.25-5.0 mg. There are now very many different oral contraceptive preparations available throughout the world but most seem to be variants on these two broad themes.
The combined and sequential preparations are taken for 20-21 days, followed by a period of seven days during which withdrawal bleeding occurs. Some of them include six or seven tablets of lactose to be taken during this period so that the daily habit of taking a tablet is not broken. These contraceptives act in several ways: the oestrogenic component suppresses ovulation and the pro-gestogen acts to change the endometrial structure so that even if conception were to occur, implan-tation would be unlikely. In addition the cervical mucus become unusually viscous which inhibits the free movement of the sperm.
The progestogen-only or 'mini-pills' are taken continuously. They do not inhibit ovulation but probably act by increasing the viscosity of the cervical mucus so that movement of the sperm is retarded. They may also causes changes in the endometrium which inhibit successful implantation.
Almost all of the interactions described here in this chapter and elsewhere in this book involve the combined oral contraceptives. Very little seems to be known about the interactions with the progestogen-only contraceptives. One should not therefore uncritically assume that interactions known to occur with the former type of contracep¬tive also occur with the latter, but there may possibly be some overlap. Much more study is needed to define the situation more clearly.
Oral contraceptives and alcohol
The detrimental effects of alcohol may be reduced to some extent in women on oral contraceptives, but blood alcohol levels are possibly unaltered.
A controlled study m 54 women1 showed that those on oral contraceptives (30, 35 or 50 /ig oestrogen) tolerated the effects of alcohol better than those not taking oral contraceptives (as measured by a reaction-time test and a bead-threading test) but their blood-alcohol levels and its rate of clearance were unchanged. Two other studies suggest that blood alcohol levels may be reduced m those taking oral contraceptives. The authors of the report cited1 say that they do not recom¬mend women on oral contraceptives to drink more than usual, and they point out that the risks of prosecution for driving while over the legal blood-alcohol limits remain the same.
Women were first introduced to the birth control pill during the 1960s. Since then it has become the most popular form of contraception. Oral contraceptives are made with synthetic hormones that imitate the way a woman's real hormones (progestin and estrogen) work.
The synthetic hormones prevent women from ovulating. Ovulation is the time of the month when the female body releases eggs that can be fertilized by sperm. The artificial hormones trick the body by making it think it is already pregnant, so it will not release any eggs. This is why oral contraceptives like Ortho Tri-Cyclen are so effective.
Ortho Tri-Cyclen also thickens vaginal mucus which makes it more difficult for sperm to get to the uterus. There are other health benefits of using Ortho Tri-Cyclen. Your monthly periods will be shorter and lighter, and you will have less period pain. Oral contraceptives also reduce the risk of you getting ovarian cysts, anemia, ectopic pregnancy, rheumatoid arthritis, and pelvic inflammatory disease. In addition, Ortho Tri-Cyclen can reduce the risk of ovarian or endometrial cancer.
Ortho Tri-Cyclen comes in a blister pack of 28 tablets, all clearly indicating on which days they should be taken. As long as you remember to take the right tablets every month, Ortho Tri-Cyclen will be almost 100% reliable in preventing an unwanted pregnancy.
It is very important that you don't miss any doses. Even if you miss one or two tablets, you may still become pregnant. You should also take the tablet at the same time every day for maximum protection. If the tablets cause stomach irritations, then take your tablet every evening with your supper.
Ortho Tri-Cyclen is a contraceptive. This medication will not protect you from contracting AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases. If you are a heavy smoker, it is recommended that you quit, or cut down to a maximum of 15 per day, while using Ortho Tri-Cyclen. This is especially important if you are older than 35.
Oral Contraceptives and Tobacco Smoking
The risk of thromboembolic disease in women on oral contraceptives is increased if they smoke.
A study in women in the 40-41 age group on oral contraceptives who smoked showed that they had a lower level of high-density lipoprotein in their serum than women who neither smoked nor took the pill. The significance of this finding is that low levels are a major risk factor in the development of coronary heart disease and related thrombotic diseases. This is borne out by epidemiological studies which show that the incidence of thromboembolic diseases in women on the pill increases both with age and if the subjects smoke. Just another good reason why smoking should be discouraged.
Is Birth Control Patch Effective?
Birth control patch is a square shaped, slim patch which is not more than 1 ¾ inches. This patch is put on the skin of the woman. The patch helps in birth control by releasing certain hormones as well as chemicals into the blood stream. These hormones help in birth control by controlling organs in the body. They control the functioning of many organ systems.
Birth Control and Travel
Birth control and travelling never go hand in hand. When periods coincide with travel dates, it get on the nerves if any woman. Due to long journey hours, hectic schedule of travelling and less time, a woman tends to get irritated, frustrated and exhausted which in turn leads to early occurrence of period and also irregular bleeding.
Birth Control Pills - How They Prevent Cancer
As it turns out, the Pill can be more than just a preventive measure against pregnancy and something that helps you in regulating your periods. According to Time, it turns out that the over the years Oral Contraception - the famed Birth Control Pills have prevented up to 400,000 cases of cancer, even after the subjects stopped taking them.
Safety of birth controlling device
Recently FDA (Food and Drug Administration) called a meeting for discussion about the Essure, regarding the safety of birth controlling devices. Essure is basically a permanent birth control device which is using all over the United States. It is a metal coil used to put in the fallopian tubes.
Combination birth control pill Levlen
The generic name is ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel. The drug is available in different brand names such as Alesse, Enpresse, Lutera, Aviane, Levlite, Levora, Levlen, Lybrel, Lessina, Nordette, Sronyx, Portia, Trivora-28, Triphasil-21 and Tri-Levlen.
SEXUAL LIFE IN FEMALES
Lifespan of a female is divided into three periods.
It extends from birth to puberty. During this period, primary and accessory sex organs do not function. These organs remain quiescent. Puberty occurs at the age of 12-15 years.
The second period extends from the onset of puberty to the onset of menopause. The first menstrual cycle is known as menarche. The permanent stoppage of menstrual cycle in old age is called menopause, which occurs at the age of about 45 to 50 years. During the period between menarche and menopause, women menstruate and reproduce.
This period extends after menopause to the rest of the life.
Clomid for women infertility
Many of the couples are not blessed with the child from God. Among those couples, sometimes male contribute in this cause and sometimes women do. Clomid is a medicine used to treat such type of women who are unable to conceive the child. Actually, this medicine is based to treat infertile women so they may have their own child with such sort of attempt. Actually this medicine helps to stimulate the hormones inside the women body which is responsible to ejaculate the mature eggs to take part in fertility. But it is not recommended for those women who are suffering from ovarian problem or eggs are not forming from ovaries. It is advised to use this medicine for a prescribed and short period of time as long duration of treatment is not recommended as more than the 6th cycle. In this duration it is important to keep a proper check up of ovary, temperature of the body and proper timing of the sexual intercourse for the required result. Those side effects which are included as flashing, stomach disturbance, dizziness and bloating are top highlighted. At the initial stage, patient may feel blur vision when he exposes to the bright light but this problem minimized slowly. In any serious issue it is better to consult with your doctor urgently because it may lead to some permanent eye problem or any kind of consistent pain inside the eye. In some of the patient, OHSS (ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome) can occur and in this situation fluid is gathered inside the body in chest, heart and stomach area during the treatment or when treatment becomes stopped. Allergic is not too much noted with this therapy but anyhow contact to emergency if you are having any allergic issue such as swelling, discontinuous breathing, rashes and itching.
Keep your fitness echelons up. Exercise every day. Fertility chances increment doesn’t require going to the hospital anymore for women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
What you might know as your monthly “Period”, all the science-y folks out there call a “Menstrual Cycle”. They know all there is to know about it, why it occurs, how it occurs, when, etc. But believe me when I say this, they might just be as clueless about this as you are in certain aspects. Only we, experts and those of us who have gained this knowledge the hard way know what it entails. Your cycle sucks enough, we are well aware. But you are adding to it by committing what can be rightly termed as the Menstrual Sins.
Mircette is birth control pill that is used as a contraceptive. Other than just birth control, Mircette is also used for treating several skin related and uterine disorders like acne and irregular menstruation.
Ovral is a pregnancy prevention medication that is used to prevent the ovulation of the egg, thus preventing pregnancy. It is made up of two hormones that are found in women: ethinylestradiol and norgestrel that prevent the release of an egg from the ovaries.
The medical needs and requirements of each of these groups vary with reference to their lifecycle. A woman from the onset of puberty until menopause goes through the productive child bearing years. Puberty, pregnancy and delivery signify a change in the biological and psychological process in the woman. Unlike animals that mate only during a particular season, humans do not have such cycle or season to procreate. Therefore the humans have got to find and adopt family planning methods in order to control the number of children that they can have.
Health care has improved over the past decades. Technology has helped revolutionize healthcare with advanced equipments and targeted treatments not to forget the developments of new drugs. Fighting a winning battle against cancer is a reality today. Laparoscopic surgery has changed the face of surgery and post operational recovery.
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that targets the immune system of the body and weakens it to a great extent. This virus causes a disease called AIDS, i.e., Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome which hinders the ability of the body to fight against infections, diseases and some cancers.
Anaemia has become the most common problem in people these days. An unhealthy lifestyle, ill habits of eating, skipping nutritious food, etc make a straight way for anaemia in the body. Anaemia is nothing but a condition in the body which causes a great deficiency of the red cells or the production of hemoglobin in the blood. This results in an excessive weariness and pallor. The deficiency of the red cells as well as the production of hemoglobin is caused because of the deficiency of iron in the body.
When we talk of a global world and the developing civilizations, we are perhaps referring to the advancements in science and technology, its impact on our lives and our current lifestyles. Life is much better and more comfortable for many as compared to the yester years. Most modern countries and societies are enjoying the benefits of technology that makes their life easier and healthier. Healthcare has made unprecedented advancement thanks to technology. Those who can afford to pay for health care will find that there is a cure or a solution for every health problem that they are likely to face. It is now common for people to aspire to live beyond eighties especially in the advanced countries where healthcare is the best.
In this study a special guideline provided to the pregnant women that use of the marijuana in this special period of time may cause a great effect during pregnancy period and some other elements found in Marijuana change the development of the child's brain.
Cancer is a killer and victimized a large number of people in under-developed countries. Women are top order victims of ovarian cancer and before 40 years it was too high in number. But after the progress in medical science, this range has been decreased up to 50% as compare to 1970.
Sexual intercourse is the basic need of every human being. Since Ebola virus has spread in a wide area of West African Countries, doctors are putting their best effort to decrease its number of victims. For this purpose, they are telling people about the ways through which Ebola virus can transfer from one person to other.
Different types of problems are becoming the part of this world. In the past, the population was not very high so it was easy to feed everyone. But now population has increased to a great extent. It has become very difficult to feed every person. So what is the solution of this problem? We cannot control the population by consulting a man.
The word 'abstinence' means abstaining from sexual intercourse. Today, many teenagers are being educated about this form of protection against unwanted pregnancies. The rate of teenager pregnancies has escalated over the past 10 years at an alarming rate. The number of teenagers with sexually transmitted diseases has also risen. In many countries, sex education with an emphasis on abstinence is being given to young teenagers in an attempt to reduce these statistics. The only birth control method that is 100% effective is abstinence
Last years before, it was said that with the lupus problem women suffer from many complexities of pregnancies. In lupus condition, immune system does attack on the tissues (damage of lungs, skin, heart, brain and joints) and this attack spread out very rapidly. But now new research sorts out this problem by saying that in a controlled state of lupus, women can expect a healthy pregnancy and give birth of a healthy child as well.
If you have decided to achieve a healthy body and active life, then you must set your goals first. Your goal must be related to your health. For example, if you are overweight, then you can set your goal to reduce your weight within 5 to 6 months. In such a way, you will try your level best to reduce your weight as much as possible. Reducing the weight is the wish of many people who are suffering with this problem.
The need for watching one's health is more critical for women. The wellbeing of the entire family depends upon the health of the women on whom the family is dependant. Therefore during the productive years every woman has no option but to look after herself in order to be able to do her best for her family and fulfill her responsibilities.
Life is all about choices that we make. We build our future ourselves. When people find themselves in problems they blame their fate or destiny without realizing that they are the makers of their own destiny. The choices that we make today determines the direction of our life that is going to take shape tomorrow and the day after.
We are lucky to be living in a progressive and advancing world. Making a living is fairly easy today when compared to the olden days. Internet has further enhanced the quality of life. Now we live in a virtual world and conduct most of our business through the internet by way of paying our utility bills, banking, shopping and making bookings etc. Some Thoughts On Women's Health And Well Being
As you know, a condom is a protective sheath that is placed on a man's penis to prevent semen entering a woman's uterus, thereby avoiding an unwanted pregnancy. It also protects against sexually transmitted diseases. Modern condoms are made of thin polyurethane or latex. They are available in different sizes, shapes, colors, and varying levels of lubricants. History of the condom
All the hype around Viagra and men clamoring to their hands on the blue pill has pushed up the efforts of Pharma Companies to introduce the Viagra for Women. Naturally it makes business sense because the market for this tablet can outstrip the demand that exists in the market of Viagra for men. The market segment may be equal or more than the existing market. Do Women Really Need Viagra?
Do you think the role women play in raising a family is easy? Living as a married woman you have to devote being a mother, a partner and yet you have to maintain your career goals. Owing to the numerous roles that women have to facilitate at home, it is vital that they consider health and fitness to ensure they remain physically fit. There are many contradicting info that you will unveil from the internet in relation to womanly fitness. For instance there are the female health magazines which might lack what you are looking for.
Like men, women also have to work hard at homes. There are several responsibilities of women and they work hard to fulfill them. Let us discuss about the different ways which a woman can follow in order to get good health results.
Benefits of Birth Control Pills
There is rapid increase in the population and this is one of the most important problems all around the world. In this inflation that is rising and raising it is very important to have some family planning as it is not easy to raise a child especially in a non-developed country where it lacks of many basic amenities hence not being able to fulfill some basic needs of a child.
One should consider the use of contraceptives especially contraceptive pills, as in many countries there isn’t restrictions on pre-marital sex, resulting in teenagers having kids of their own that is unplanned, risking their own life as well as the kid’s upbringing. So the birth control pills come in great help in preventing such unwanted pregnancies.
Many questions come to mind when using birth control pills, how it is going to help and work. This pills prevent pregnancy through various mechanisms, most contraceptive pills consists of two female hormones that is progestogen and estrogen. So the woman won’t get pregnant as no egg is released when this pill is taken and the sperm doesn’t needs to fertilize anything. This contraceptive pill compared to any other method is less painful like the intrauterine devices etc.
Oral contraceptive pills have many other benefits to offer except the pregnancy prevention like protection against acne both inflammatory and non inflammatory, bone thinning, menstrual periods so the period gets regular on the cycle of 28 days, the abdominal pain is reduced, the menstrual cramps which is a great relief to a woman with painful menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea). It improves excess hair that is hirsutism as the testosterone and androgens are concealed by the pill. It also gives protection against various diseases like ovarian cancer, anemia that is the decrease of iron deficiency as the blood flow reduces during the menstrual period causing less chance of anemia, non- cancerous breast growth, endometrial cancer, and cysts. It even helps control several infections which could take place in fallopian tubes like the salpingitis, pelvic inflammatory disease etc. This pill is also recommended to women with pre or post menopausal, as it helps prevent hot flashes and sweats, even the menstrual migraines get eliminated.
Birth control pills give high contraception protection even if the pills are skipped in between or are not taken regularly, it provides 99% protection. This pill doesn’t effects upon the fertility of a woman though it could take longer time that is 2-3 months for a woman to get pregnant. It is very easy to use this pill than any other contraceptive methods. The birth control pills are modified to combat the side effects and includes of less hormones in the recent years. It doesn’t matters when one begins to take birth control pills, but one requires having a new pack based on when the person started the use of first pack. Birth control pills may consist of some side effect like headaches, blood clots, etc but they are a great alternative to other contraception, and it is recommended to consult a professional from such health risks and side effects.
Relation of world's population with birth control
Some people have a lot of time to think about the money and other related things but they even do not think about the future of their children. World's population is increasing with the addition of 1.8% of current population. Government is also paying attention towards this problem. In this article, I shall tell you about the solutions of this problem. When we talk about the solutions of this problem then first name that comes in our knowledge is the use of contraceptive pills. Contraceptive pills are special drugs which are made for the birth control program. These contraceptive pills are very effective in preventing in the fertilization. There are some things which you should follow before choosing the right method.
The first thing is the knowledge about your overall health condition. Tell your doctor about the recent health and fitness condition so that he suggest you the right technique. Selection of right method also depends upon you that how often you have sex in a month. If you need more than 1 child then you cannot select the permanent method to control birth. He may suggested by any other method. There are four general methods which are adopted by the people. Their names are given below:
- Contragestion method
- Sterilization method
- Contraception method
- Methods of modern
- Behavioral methods
Other methods are further types of these methods. You just have to select one of them according to doctor. Sterilization method is quite expensive technique that is why most of the people do not follow it. They like to prefer other techniques over it. Some people have a question in their minds that how this method is effective in birth control. Its answer is very simple. Basically it is a surgical technique in which the vessel which carries eggs to the uterus is blocked to prevent the fertilization. Besides, you can use other methods if you want birth control temporary. Since sterilization is a permanent solution of birth control so you can choose another one.
The use of birth control is not a modern trend. Ancient people also used some methods for the prevention of fertilization. They formed the mixture of honey, ghee, red chalk and seeds of palams. This mixture was used inside the vagina which acts as a barrier and restricts the convergence of sperm and egg. This was very effective in ancient time so some ingredients of this mixture are also used in the modern drugs. This is something about the ancient methods to prevent the fertilization. Condoms are also used for this purpose. It is a device which can be used by both men and women as male and female condoms are available in market. All people are familiar with its use. Besides, contraceptive pills are also taken by women, which have the ability to decrease the chances of fertilization. This is all about the use of such methods. If you are willing to get more information about the use of these techniques then you can search it from the internet.