Levlen is a general purpose, pregnancy prevention medication. Its chemically known as levonorgestrel or ethinylestradiol. Some of the most popular Levlen brands in the US are Alesse and Levlen.
Levlen is one of the many pregnancy prevention medications. It has to be used with care since these have been found to cause heart problems that increase with cigarette consumption. Women older than 35 who smoke excessively per day have veryhighchances of developing heart problems that exaggerate to dangerous levels with Levlen.
Levlen is sold through several brand names: Biphasil, Levlen ED, Loette, Logynon ED, Microgynon, Microlevlen ED, Monofeme, Nordette, Nordiol, Sequilar ED, Trifeme, Triphasil, Triquilar.
How and why is it used?
Levlen prevents your pregnancy. It may also be used for certain other conditions that are specified by the doctor. It helps in altering the lining of the uterus and changing the cervical mucus.
Warning signs for Levlen
Levlen, just like any other medication works well only when certain medical or biological conditions are absent; for example, allergies and inherited disorders that can exaggerate the side effects exhibited by Levlen.
Do not consume Levlen, if the following conditions are present:
- Any allergy you possess regarding any ingredient of Levlen.
- You are already pregnant or you think you could be pregnant.
- A blood clot history, severe blood clots or any disorders related to blood clotting.
- Blood vessel problems.
- Breast cancer.
- Developing or at a risk of developing heart diseases or severe blood clotting.
- Chest pain due to angina, headaches or migraines.
- Cervical, vaginal cancers, undiagnosed abnormal vaginal bleeding.
- Cancer or tumours in the liver.
- Have had a recent surgery and you’re confined to bed rest for an extended period of time.
- If you are older than 35 years and smoke at least 15 cigarettes per day.
If you have any of the above mentioned conditions pre-existing, contact your doctor for consultation. Its always best to consult the doctor before taking this medication.
Possible side effects
Levlen is a complex medication that is used for pregnancy prevention. Similar to such other pregnancy preventions, Levlen also exhibits certain types of side effects. Some of these include:
- Breast tenderness and enlargement.
- Changes in appetite.
- Changes in sexual interest.
- Dizziness and headache, nausea.
- Hair loss.
- Unusual spotting or bleeding.
However, these are just some common side-effects. Some of the most severe side effects may occur that should be dealt with immediate visit to the doctor:
- Difficulty breathing, tightness in the chest.
- Coughing of blood.
- Mood changes.
- Persistent headaches and vaginal discharges.
- Sudden loss of vision.
- Persistent weight loss.
- Calf or leg pain.
- Changes in amount of urine.
This is however not the complete list of severe symptoms. Contact your health are provider for a full list of severe side effects.
Combination birth control pill Levlen
The generic name is ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel. The drug is available in different brand names such as Alesse, Enpresse, Lutera, Aviane, Levlite, Levora, Levlen, Lybrel, Lessina, Nordette, Sronyx, Portia, Trivora-28, Triphasil-21 and Tri-Levlen.
The drug is manly used as contraception. The drug has a blend of female hormones which helps in the prevention of ovulation. The drug is known to make changes in the uterine lining and cervical mucus, which makes it hard for the sperms to make contact with the uterus. This also makes it hard for the fertilized egg to cling to the uterus wall.
The drug has to be taken only after discussing with the doctor. The instructions should have to be followed strictly or it will not be effective. The first pill has to be taken on the very first day of the periodic cycle or on the first Sunday after the period has started. When using the drug for the first time, it is better to use other contraceptives also. On a 28-day packet, it contains seven "reminder" tablets to maintain the regular cycle. The regular periods will begin with the reminder pills. Only one pill is advised a day.
During the first three months of Levlen usage, there is a possibility of bleeding. If the bleeding is heavy or continues for long, the doctor has to be contacted. Levlen is known to affect lab tests and so a person who wants to have lab tests should do it only after stopping Levlen.
The drug is not advised for women who recently had a delivery. The doctors also do not give the drug if a person has a history of clot or stroke, hormone related cancer, high pressure, heart related issues, liver problems, abnormal vaginal bleeding and migraine headaches. If a pregnant woman uses Levlen, then it could lead to birth defects of the newborn.
The doctor should know all about a person's medical issues. It is good to inform the doctor if a person has diabetes, high cholesterol, angina, heart attack, history of depression, seizures, gallbladder problems, history of irregular cycles, lumps, uterine fibroid tumors, TB and varicose veins. When using levlen, a person should not smoke as it increases the risk of stroke and clots.
Now talking of the serious side effects, it includes sudden numbness, headache, pain behinds eyes, confusion, vision problems, balance problems, speech problems, chest pain, pain spreading to arms or shoulder, sweating, nausea, nausea, stomachache, appetite loss, dark urine, jaundice, depression and swelling.
The mild side effects include vomiting, mild nausea, bloating, breast pain, swelling, tenderness, stomach cramps, darkening of skin in the face, loss of hair in the scalp, increased hair growth, weight changes, vaginal itching and vaginal discharge, menstrual period changes, decreased sex drive, and dizziness. Most of the patients do not take care of these side effects. But the reality is that these side effects can become worse and can lead to many complications. No one should wait for another day if these side effects are noticed and make it a point to contact the doctor at the earliest.
Hormonal Birth Control and Period Pain
Period pain often gets unbearable for many women. In such case they tend to take over- the – counter medications. But, for many women, these medications do not help and they suffer some serious problems during their period. Thus, there is a need for them to understand all the pain relief options that are available at their disposal.
Hormonal birth control is an amazing option to deal with period pain. Here, we have shown the complete process of periods and hormonal influence in this process.
Hormones and Periods
Every month, the woman’s ovaries release an egg. This egg then travels via the fallopian tubes and reach the uterus. In uterus, the egg gets fertilized by the sperm. Before the release of the egg, the wall of the uterus tends to get thicken. This is kind of a preparation to receive the fertilized egg. If there is an absence of fertilization, the wall of the uterus sheds all the extra lining. The process of uterine wall thickening and release of egg are controlled by the hormones. Taking hormonal birth control interferes with this process.
The hormonal contraceptives ban the egg from getting out of the ovary. Also, it cuts of the number of prostaglandins that are produced inside the uterus. These prostaglandins regulate the contraction of muscles. This uterine contraction leads to period pain. The contraction happens to shed the lining. If the prostaglandins are less, pain will be less.
Best Type of Contraceptive
The women who want to get pregnant must stay away from them. There are many kinds of hormonal birth controls including pills, ring, patch, intrauterine devices and Depo shots.
The pills are the best option to control period pain. While, combination methods are also considered apt. Combination of estrogen and progestin, like combination pills, rings and patches are of great help.
Women who experience a very painful period with heavy bleeding must go for the extended cycle birth control. This is especially designed for women having heavy and painful periods. In this a break is given from the usual by allowing the periods to occur once. But, this measure should only be adopted under the guidance of medical professional.
Like everything in this world, the measures for birth control also have some positive points and some negative points. Taking hormonal contraceptives tends to increase the susceptibility of a woman to cardiovascular diseases. This is true for women smokers who are over 35 years of age.
Taking combination birth control increases the susceptibility to cervical cancer, breast cancer and liver tumours. But, also it leads to a decreased risk of endometrial and ovarian cancers.
The use of intrauterine devices causes a greater susceptibility to infection of reproductive organs.
Birth control measures are not meant only for sexually active women; it can be used as a hormonal therapy to regulate and lighten the periods. It also relives pain that women experience during periods.
Now that you know the benefits and the drawbacks o the hormonal birth control, make the apt decision.