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Iron Deficiency Anaemia In Women

Anaemia has become the most common problem in people these days. An unhealthy lifestyle, ill habits of eating, skipping nutritious food, etc make a straight way for anaemia in the body. Anaemia is nothing but a condition in the body which causes a great deficiency of the red cells or the production of hemoglobin in the blood. This results in an excessive weariness and pallor. The deficiency of the red cells as well as the production of hemoglobin is caused because of the deficiency of iron in the body. Thus, anaemia is nothing but the lack of iron in the body. The low levels of iron in the body are the root cause of anaemia.

Anaemia is a problem which is common in both the infants as well as the adults. However, this deficiency of iron is the mostly found in women who suffer from great deficiency of iron because of one reason or the other.

There are many kinds of anaemia, but women, most commonly face iron deficiency anaemia. There are many reasons that cause iron deficiency anaemia in women. Take a look at the causes of iron deficiency anaemia:

Causes Of Iron Deficiency Anaemia

The causes of anaemia in women are:

⇒ Inadequate Intake Of Iron

A diet deficient in iron leads to iron deficiency anaemia.

⇒ Blood Loss During Menstruation

Menstruation is the most common cause of anaemia in women. The women that suffer heavy bleeding during their periods are anaemic.

⇒ Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids are also a reason for iron deficiency anaemia.

⇒ Blood Loss During Pregnancy

Excessive loss of blood during the birth of child leads to anaemia.

⇒ Poor Absorption Of Iron

Many surgeries and diseases interfere with the absorption of iron in the intestine. They hinder the capability of intestine to absorb iron causing anaemia.

⇒ Internal Bleeding

Conditions like polyps in colon, colon cancer, peptic ulcers, etc, lead to internal bleeding this inturn cause iron deficiency anaemia. Regular consumption of drug like aspirin also causes internal bleeding leading to anaemia.

Risk factors Of Iron Deficiency Of Anaemia

  • Women in the child bearing age
  • People consuming food without apt nutrition
  • People who involve into blood donation more frequently
  • Premature infants and children
  • Children experiencing growth spurt
  • People who take a pure vegetarian diet

Symptoms Of Iron Deficiency Anaemia

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Pale skin
  • Giddiness
  • Breathlessness
  • Tingling sensations in legs
  • Pica, craving to eat strange items like, ice, clay or dirt
  • Cold hands as well as feet
  • Soreness or swelling in tongue
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Headache
  • Brittle nails

Diagnosis Of Iron Deficiency Anaemia

Diagnosis can be done by CBC (Complete Blood Count).

Prevention Of Iron Deficiency Anaemia

Prevention can be done by eating a diet rich in iron. beans, green vegetables, whole grain, fruits, etc. Pregnant women are advised to take iron supplements.

Treatment Of Iron Deficiency Anaemia

  • Iron supplements are given to the anaemic to restore the level of iron.
  • A proper diet, full of essential nutrients is given.
  • The underlying pathology is treated.