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Is Birth Control Pills Responsible for Fluid Retention and Weight Gain

Women feel privileged most of the times as they are able to avoid any unnecessary pregnancy, but there is a question of weight gain and even fluid retention at the same time. It is undeniable that in many cases it does cause weight gain, but this scenario might not be held true for all women.

Birth Control Pills and Weight Gain

Experiments conducted on women taking low dosage of the pills have shown nominal changes. There can be a significant gain in the weight among some women, but it is not really an alarming situation. 5 to 10 percent of women have faced weight gain due to the consumption of the pills, while some have gained weight in spite of taking no pills. The weight gain in these women can be a result of fat deposition and fluid retention (which occurs out of other reasons as well).

How must weight gain is practically possible due to the consumption of birth control pills?

Many argue that oral contraceptives that are higher than 30 mcgm can cause a significant gain in the weight as compared to birth control injections such as Depo Provera. 5.3 lb a year is the average estimate of weight gain if the person is taking high dose pills. Women taking Depo Provera gain about 6.6 lb of weight in a year. Statistics reveal than 7% women gained about 10% of their body weight due to the consumption of the pills. 25% of women who had taken shots of Depo Provera gained more than 10% of their body weight. So through comparison, it is visible that women taking oral pills gain lesser weight than the ones taking birth control injections, but are also at a lower risk of gaining weight.

Many cases have shown that medications that are lower than 30 mcgm do not really have any weight gain in the precipitating year.

Do birth control pills cause fluid retention?

Pills that contain high amounts of estrogen does cause fluid retention, especially if the dose is 50 mcgm or more. When there is an increased amount of estrogen in the body it stimulates kidney substance rennin-angiotensin, which causes more water retention and that in turn retaining sodium (salt). Ultimately, sodium is the cause of having weight gain. Different levels of estrogen had different effects on the body. Pills having 20 mcgm can also lead to weight loss, whereas 30 mcgm may cause no significant changes in the individual. But if the pill has 50mcgm estrogen, it will lead to weight gain and fluid retention.

Sometimes the weight gain may also come from abnormal metabolism of glucose or even the reaction of the body to insulin resistance.

What are the other pills that can affect the weight of an individual?

Combining pills that have desogestrel type of progestin and low estrogen can have little weight gain than pills that contain norethindrone. This happens mainly because of specific progestin which has lesser insulin resistance. Some common low estrogen pills are Loestrin Fe, Mircette and Alesse etc.