Yasmin (YAZ) is a pregnancy prevention medication that works by preventing production of the eggs and thickening the mucus in the cervix and lining of the uterus. This prevents further from the sperms reaching the uterus.
Yasmin is basically made up of two female hormones – progesterone and estrogen. It is a combination of these two that makes up the Yasmin pill to prevent pregnancy. Its main chemical constituents comprise of drospirenone and ethinylestradiol.
Dosage and administering
Yasmin tablets need to be taken in a similar fashion as similar such birth controls are taken. Information leaflet is included with Yasmin that includes pretty much everything a consumer needs to be aware of. For further information, talk to your pharmacist.
Take Yasmin with or without food. Like all other birth controls, Yasmin needs to be taken daily for pregnancy to be prevented. You do not need to consume any other birth control with Yasmin as that can also lead to some unneeded complications.
The first pill of Yasmin is taken at the first day of your period preferable after meal or at bedtime with some liquid. It can also be taken without meals. Each pack contains seven ‘reminder’ pills to give you a break from the hormone pills that number 21 in total. Be sure that you take each pill everyday without gaps and that each pill is taken at a break of exactly 24 hours. So, take the pill at the same time everyday.
During a surgical operation, the doctor will stop your administering of Yasmin for the time you take sufficient bed rest, after which you can continue as usual with the dosage. Keep the pills at room temperature, away from direct heat and sunlight and store in an airtight container when opened. Visit your doctor regularly when taking these pills for him/her to make sure if any side effect has formed up.
Before taking Yasmin, make sure the following conditions remain absent:
- If you’re already pregnant.
- Any allergies to medications or the specific ingredients of Yasmin.
- If you have a history of endometriosis, irregular menstrual periods, lump in the breast, abnormal vaginal bleeding or any history of breast cancer in your family.
- A history of diabetes, migraines or severe and persistent headaches.
- Heart problems, angina and clotting.
- History of liver disorders or liver cancer.
- Varicose veins, pancreas or seizures.
- You have a habit of excessive smoking and if you’re above 35 years old.
- Plan to have a surgery or currently under surgical operation.
If any of the above conditions are met, make sure you fully communicate these with the doctor.
Yasmin Side effects
Yasmin has the following side effects:
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Headaches and weight gain.
- Breast tenderness.
- Bleeding between menstrual periods.
- Leg pain.
Yasmin is an effective contraceptive to prevent pregnancy. The drug is also given for the treatment of moderate acne in females who are at least 14 years and who have started their menstrual periods.
Yasmin acts by preventing ovulation, which controls the release of eggs from the ovary. The drug also brings in changes in the uterine wall and cervical. These changes prevent the sperm from reaching the eggs and also make it hard for the fertilized egg to cling to the uterus wall.
Yasmin should have to be taken as per the doctor's direction. Never go for larger doses or take the drug for longer periods unless your doctor has asked for it.
The first Yasmin pill has to be taken on the first day of periods or on the first Sunday after the period has begun. Only one pill should be taken a day and take care that there is a gap of 24 hours between two doses.
It is better not to miss any dose. But if an active pill is missed, take it as soon as you remember it or you can take the missed pill withy your regular dose.
If two active pills are missed in a row in the first or second week, you have to take two pills for the next two regular scheduled dosages. If 2 active pills are missed in a row in the third week, just skip the pack and start afresh.
In case you miss the reminder pills in the fourth week, skip the missed dose and take the pills as prescribed.
It is not good to take Yasmin without consulting your doctor. But when you consult the doctor, you should be frank enough to inform him about all your medical conditions. You should have to inform your doctor if you have diabetes, high blood pressure or cholesterol, heart diseases, overweight, gallbladder problems, liver cancer, seizures, irregular periods and breast or uterine cancer.
Yasmin is rated FDA pregnancy category X, which means that the drug can cause harm to the unborn and the new born. Before the treatment begins, you should have to tell your doctor if you are pregnant. It is known that Yasmin passes into breast milk. Therefore, do not feed the babes when you are on Yasmin medication.
While taking the medication, do not smoke as it only increases the risk of blood clots, heart attacks and stroke.
Yasmin, like all contraceptives, comes with many side effects. Some of the allergic reactions that are noticed with Yasmin are hives, swelling and difficulty breathing.
Sudden numbness, confusion, vision problems, speech problems, pain behind the eyes, chest pain, pain spreading to arms, nausea, stomach pain, sweating, loss of appetite, jaundice and breast lump are some of the severe side effects that come with Yasmin.
Some of the lesser known side effects are breast pain, swelling, darkening of facial skin, loss of scalp hair, increased hair growth, changes in weight, vaginal itching, discharge and changes in periods.
Effectiveness of Birth Control
Contrary to popular belief, Birth control pills are not always effective to the same extent. There are several factors that influence the effectiveness of birth control pills. We will take a look at some of the key factors that influence the effectiveness of birth control pills. Have ever heard of people talking about Grape Juice in relation to birth control pills? Grapefruit contains a chemical compound that retracts the absorption of estrogen hormones to the female body. This essentially implies that it does not affect progestin-only pills but does affect pills that have both estrogen and progestin.
Another aspect to consider is the timing at which you should be taking the birth control pills. Ideally, you should be taking the birth control pills at the same time of the day each day. If you find yourself constantly missing the timing, you should consider setting some kind of an alarm so that you are reminded to take the pills at the same time of the day.
Where you store the birth control pills also makes a difference, the effectiveness of the pills can be altered if they are placed in certain conditions. It has been proven that your pill lasts longer and its effectiveness remains longer when they are placed out of direct sunlight and stored in a cool and dry place without any moisture. If stored in direct sunlight, the effectiveness of the pills will reduce drastically.
Certain other medication taken in conjunction with birth control pills will have an influence on the effectiveness of the birth control pills. Certain antibiotics can have a negative effect on the effectiveness of birth control pills. It is always advisable to consult with your doctor regarding the effects of taking any medication in conjunction with birth control pills. If your doctor gives you the go ahead to take the birth control pills with certain other medication, then it should be fine to do so. Alesse, or Levlen are examples of such medication which can have an effect on the birth control pills.
Antifungal medications that are used for treating skin ailments such as yeast infection can also bear an influence on how the birth control pills will perform. It is always advisable to confirm with your dermatologist if there are no side effects of taking birth control pills with anti-fungal medication.
Certain herbal medicine which are easily available at medical stores are also known to have an impact on the effectiveness of the birth control pills. St. John's wort is the most widely known of natural supplements for depression as proven by numerous clinical trials. This well used herb has been proven to help with depression, but if taken in conjunction with birth control pills can alter the effects of the birth control pills. It has been found that St. Johns Wort can reduce the effectiveness of birth control pills. So whenever you are using St. Johns Wort and birth control pills at the same time, you need to consult your physician or doctor to make sure that you are safe to use them together.
Ways of Using Birth Control Pills for the First Time
There are few facts that are necessary to be kept in mind before using any type of contraception, so that the individual can directly go and communicate with the doctor regarding this.
A lower dose of birth control pills contain synthetic hormones namely progestin and estrogen which is effective 99% of times in preventing pregnancy if used in the correct and consistent manner. It stops the individual from ovulating (where an egg is released from the ovaries). If there is an absence of the egg, the male sperm will not be successful in fertilizing with it, in turn avoiding the pregnancy. There is another ‘action’ that takes place after the consumption of low dose birth control pills is the thickening of the mucous around the cervix which primarily happens due to the progestin ingredient present in the pill. This makes it very difficult for the sperm to swim in the thick matter, in turn making it exhausted before even reaching the egg, in case of an egg ‘escaping’. The third thing that the low dose birth control pills do is thinning the lining of the uterus to prevent a fertilized egg from implanting and growing. This act can be seen controversial for some as they may view this process as abortion.
Process of ovulation
Around the 14th day of the menstrual cycle, a woman is fertile and she ovulates. In some cases, the process may even vary by a week or depending on the length of the cycle. The process takes thirty-six hours to get over. Under receptive conditions, a fertilized egg may implant itself inside the uterus after 6 to 12 days.
When is it appropriate to take the first pill?
It is always better to use ‘back-up’ like condoms, diaphragm etc. In case of pills, the appropriate day of taking it can be either:
- The day the period begins or
- The first Sunday after the beginning of the period or
- Fifth day after the period begins or
- It can also be taken immediately if there isn’t any chance of the person being pregnant at the moment.
Conditions related to the dosage
If using a 28-day pack, each pill must be taken per day without skipping any days in between. A new pack must be started immediately if the previous pack gets over.
While using a 21-day pack, the person must take a 1 week gap before starting the new pack. But she must make sure not to extend the gap as it can be a reason for becoming pregnant.
How to remember taking pills regularly?
If taking the pill is done with another action which the person does every day like brushing the teeth, then it is easier to remember. If the pills are taken on the same time, it is the most effective. The person must always check the pack of the low dose birth control pills to see if it was consumed the day before.